Aswan has a special place in Egypt. It is an ancient and touristy city, where there are many foreign tourists who come from all over the world to visit, especially from Europe and East Asia.
The population of Aswan is close to 300,000, making it the largest city in Aswan and its capital as well. It is the southern gateway to Egypt, located exactly at the first waterfall of the Nile. Its roots were striking the foot, and the ancient Egyptians called it "Sonu", meaning "the market." It is natural to call this name Aswan was the center of the convoys coming from and to Nubia. In the Ptolemaic era it was called "O", then called by the Nubians "Yba Swan". Aswan was also known as "the land of gold," which was a great treasure and a haven for Nubian kings. After the Islamic conquest of the Nubian country inhabited by some Arab tribes, after it was until then the population of Nubians only. From the beautiful and rare things I got in antiquity, it was the place where Iratostens made He denied the theory of flat earth, and was the first to calculate the Earth's circumference, based on the "Seine" and Alexandria terminal. What distinguishes Aswan and makes it a special place in Egypt is that it is a tourist and archaeological city worthy of it, where it finds especially the large numbers of foreign tourists, especially Europe and East Asia. One of the most important tourist attractions is "Elephantine Island", an island corresponding to Aswan, mentioned in the Egyptian manuscripts as "Abu", ie Sin elephant, and became the seat of ivory trade. On the island today is the temple of Khneum, next to it is the Nile Scale, the Tomb of the Holy Ram, the gate of King Amenhotep the Second, and the Trinity of Satat and Anat. The dam, which was built at the time of Gamal Abdel Nasser, gave it strategic importance to all of Egypt, and behind the dam was formed Lake Nasser, which extends from Aswan and up to the Sudanese border, where this lake is a huge water reservoir. Aswan is characterized by its heat, and is the largest Egyptian city in a hot and dry climate. In winter its weather is moderate, but with no rain at all. Aswan is one of the world's most hot and dry cities. Aghakhan's graveyard is located on a plateau on the western bank of the Nile, opposite the southern part of the botanical garden where Mohammed Shah Husseini Aghakhan III, a luxurious limestone and marble tomb, was built there in 1959 I recommend. The tomb was inspired by the Egyptian Fatimid tombs. The Nubia Museum, opened in 1997, has more than 5,000 artifacts from the ancient Nubian ruins. Aswan City has been an important center in southern Egypt since ancient times. It has played a role In the resistance of the Hyksos, and built the large and large temples of important gods of ancient times such as Isis. It was converted to Christian and Islamic religions, and thus turned into a large Christian center that formed a base for Sudan, Nubia and southern Egypt. The most important tourist attractions are the island of plants, the island of Phile, the Temple of Abu Simbel, the tombs of nobles, the rulers of Nubia, the first war school established by Muhammad Ali, the Fatimid tombs and the Kom Ombo temple north of the city. Aswan is located aswan international airport. Bus and train services are also available. Taxis and tectics (a light-wheeled vehicle similar to Indian rickshaws) are used to navigate the city.