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Abu Simbel

The construction of the High Dam was almost completed by the famous archaeological site of Abu Simbel, due to the rise of the Nile waters and the formation of Lake Nasser. However, they succeeded in transporting the site and saving it, thus saving a huge archaeological site. Abu Simbel is located on the World Heritage Site, declared by UNESCO as the "Nubian Monuments", located west of Aswan, about 300 km away. The site contains double temples carved in the mountains during the time of the Pharaonic King Ramses II, both to him and to Queen Nefertari, after his victory in the Battle of Kadesh. After the construction of the High Dam, the entire complex was moved in 1960 to an artificial hill made of the dome structure, located above the Aswan High Dam reservoir. Nevertheless, Abu Simbel is still one of the most important tourist attractions in Egypt. The transfer cost about $ 40 million, A very large sum in the years 1964-1968, the period of transfer temples. The temples were dismantled and transferred to giant stone pieces (20-30 tons) and then re-installed. Thousands of tourists visit the site every day. Twice a day, convoys from Aswan, the nearest city of Abu Simbel, arrive twice a day as many tourists arrive at the airport built specifically in the Ma'abad area. The main components of this complex are the temples. The largest temple is prepared for three Egyptian gods: Shepherd - Harakti, Ptah and Amun. Four large statues of Ramses II stand out in the façade. The smaller temple was dedicated to the god Hathor and Nefertiti. Indicate The inner divisions of temples, large columns and statues on the system of kings, queens and pharaohs, providing tourists with a rich and abundant view of the ancient Egyptian era. The Abu Simbel temples have been a source of inspiration for many international films and novels, such as James Bond's "The Spy Who Loved Me," Agatha Christie's "Death on the Nile," "The Mummy Returns," and others.

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